Composting can be a great benefit to any garden, as well as the environment, and the great thing about it is how simple it is to make your own for your garden. A mix of different types of organic material that is decaying is basically what compost is, such things as grass clipping from your lawn and dry leaves. Compost is most often used to improve the soil structure and to provide nutrients back into the soil, and learning how to compost is for you simply becoming aware of ways to hasten the natural biological process which reduces organic waste to the point where it can no longer be broken down. Composting is one of the best way to improve soil texture resourcefully and quickly and at the same time retain needed nutrients, moisture and air for the growth of the homeowners’ healthy vegetables and flowers.
Anyone can learn how to make there own compost. Almost anything you can think of can be thrown into the compost bin except for material such as human, dog and cat waste. So what do you put into the pile? The compost pile should always have”greens” and “browns.” Browns will contain carbons, such as leaves, hay, branches and such materials. Greens are the nitrogen rich ingredients which will draw the organisms that produce the compost and will generally include things like eggshells, fruit and vegetable wastes including rinds and peels, tea bags, coffee grounds, grass clippings and any other chemical free yard waste. Brown material will produce air circulation while the green items will produce lots of moisture through out the pile.
Learning how to compost will mean figuring out what you can throw in the pile and discovering and excluding what not to put in a compost pile, including pet waste, bones, meat, treated wood product, dairy products, peanut butter and other similar items.
Compost will need air so a compost bin needs holes to allow the air to go and flow in and out of the pile. Also it is a good idea to practice turning the pile. The pile should be turned once or twice a week to offer the microbes plenty of air they will need to survive and to stop organisms from dominating the pile and making it smell. Also be sure to give the pile water, the pile should be wet enough as a wrung out sponge, do not add to much water or keep it from getting to dry. By keeping the pile moist and using a pitch fork to turn the pile you will keep it from smelling and produce finished compost rapidly.
Composting might not completely restore the soil, but it will help balance and enrich the soil in your garden. Will Rogers, the great humorist who lived through the famous dust bowl, once remarked: “They’re making more people every day-but they ain’t making any more dirt.” With his inimitable wisdom and foresight, Will Rogers fittingly stated without compromise why composting is important today.