The climate in your area is a big determining factor in the type of garden plants and vegetables you can grow. If you expect many cool, wet days, then a raised bed vegetable garden is especially appropriate.
A raised bed vegetable garden provides two important aspects to your gardening experience. It will allow any excess water to drain out faster and it allows the soil to warm up more quickly. Therefore, you may well be able to grow vegetables in a climate that normally you would not attempt.
One of the more common advantages of raised bed gardening is the extra room that it gives to the plants. When the soil is raised is has more depth to it and this allows the root of the plants to grow deeper than they would have, which in turn allows them to grow larger and better.
To build a raised bed vegetable garden you need to mound the soil up using a shovel or rake. The width that you want the raised bed to be is determined by how big you want your garden to be. The average size is 21 inches across. The soil that is used in the beds needs to be of the highest quality. To grow plants outdoors, using regular garden soil that has been combined with compost, peat moss, and manure is acceptable. You can also purchase high quality topsoil.
For smaller gardens with limited space it is best to use wooden frames to help hold the soil. This allows more space for the aisle of vegetables between each of the plants. Now you can space them all the same distance apart in the same direction. The wooden frames should be made out of 2inch x 10inch or 2inch x 12inch and should be treated to stand up to the rain and insects.
You can try using old tires as containers for your vegetable plants. The tire material will keep plants warm – as the early morning sun heats the rubber, giving your plants warmth all day and night long. Similar to a raised bed vegetable garden, the tires will also shed water more quickly, preventing your plants from sitting in water all day.
Soil preparation involves raking. This is important for several reasons but an important one is to see to it that the soil is level. This prevents low spots or places where the water can pool around the plant and thus hold excessive moisture. One way to make sure it is level is to water the soil after raking and check for low spots. If there are any add some additional soil to build up the surface prior to planting.